Charles Freer Andrews, the English pacifist and follower of Gandhi came to bid him farewell. When Gandhi arrived in Champaran, he first set out to ascertain the facts. Gandhi asked the lawyers what they would do if he was sentenced to prison. Gandhi signed the receipt and wrote on it that would disobey the order. He was firm and broke the deadlock. Gandhi vehemently opposed the suggestion and asked them to face the crisis independently. Gandhi felt that taking the Champaran case to the court was useless. But with the invention of the synthetic indigo, landlords had obtained agreements from the sharecroppers to pay them compensation for being released from 15% agreement and cheated them. So, finally, he proceeded to Motihari, the capital of Champaran. He sent regular instructions by wire and asked for financial accounts. ANNIE : Américain... grand... beau! As per Gandhi, it was a sign of weakness to seek the help of an Englishman to bower their efforts. Thus, all the events at Champaran strengthened the Indian freedom movement. [UPDATES TWO TIMES IN A MONTH (If possible)] She has to run. Ans. Sharecroppers from Champaran came on foot and by transport to see Gandhi. Why did Gandhi feel that taking the Champarancase to the court was useless? After reaching Champaran, first of all, Gandhiji collected all the facts and information. It was Gandhiji’s courage and honesty that brought him the victory when the case was dropped. Subsequently, the Lieutenant-Governor ordered the case to be dropped. What did the peasants pay the British Landlords as rent? SAM : Bonjour! If you have any query regarding NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science SST Geography Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife, drop a comment below and we will get â¦ They are in ascending â¦ When Gandhi came to Champaran, he realised that the fear-stricken peasants got no help from courts. Gandhiji was full of empathy for the poor peasants and was determined to help them. Gandhiji came to know that the arable land in Champaran was divided into large estates owned by British landlords. Weâll provide comprehension questions at the end of each episode description. Sharecroppers were in a miserable condition when Gandhi arrived at Champaran. Gandhi gathered information before going to the governor. He wanted to do something for the social and cultural backwardness of Champaran. The British landlords had entered into a long-term contract with the farmers. On the one hand, he did not want to be a lawbreaker but, on the other hand, couldn’t ignore his humanitarian and national service as demanded by his conscience. He was willing to oppose the unjust laws and go to jail. He believed that where the peasants were so crushed and fear-stricken, law courts were useless. For weeks he never left Gandhiji’s side till the latter asked him to meet him at Calcutta. The magistrate postponed announcing the sentence by two hours and asked Gandhi to furnish bail. This made the peasants courageous and made them aware of their fundamental rights. After some years the British planters gave up control of their estates. He followed Gandhi everywhere until Gandhi relented to go to Champaran. Gandhi was dressed in a simple dhoti and was accompanying a poor peasant. Later he visited Calcutta, Patna and Muzaffarpur before arriving at Champaran. (a) prices of natural indigo would go down, 13. The government got baffled. Gandhi stayed at Muzaffarpur for two days in the home of Professor Malkani, a teacher in a government school. 4. Relate the events during Gandhi’s stay in Champaran that led to the triumph. They represented cases in courts, collected fee. Gandhiji opposed when his friend Andrews offered to stay in Champaran to help the peasants because he wanted the people of Champaran to be self-reliant. When Gandhiji reached Champaran, he came to know that the arable areas of Champaran were divided into large estates owned by British landlords. Gandhi protested against the delay in the trial as the prosecutor had asked for the postponement of the trial. Gandhiji, first of all, instilled fearlessness and confidence in the farmers. He was determined to meet Gandhi and persuade him to help the sharecroppers. Thus, Champaran became a symbol of self-reliance and Indian Independence. Proceeded to Motihari, got mass support from peasants, continued investigation. How did Gandhiji react to the Commissioner’s advice and where did he go? The prosecutor requested the judge to postpone the trial and the authorities had to consult their superiors. They also told him about their cases and reported the size of their fees. Gandhi stayed at Muzaffarpur for two days in the home of Professor Malkani, a teacher in a government school. Q20. They realised that it would be shameful for them to leave these peasants at a time when a stranger was ready even to go to jail for them. As they were not able to control them they had to take the help of Gandhiji to control the situation. Assuming The Stock Market Is Efficient And The Stocks Are In Equilibrium, Which Of The Following Statements Is CORRECT? When Shukla and Gandhiji reached Rajendra Prasad’s house, he was out of town. Gandhi wished to obtain corn. The title ‘Indigo’ focuses our attention on the issue of exploitation of indigo sharecroppers at the hands of cruel British planters. In this way, Gandhiji solved the problem of the indigo farmers by making it a people’s struggle, involving everyone from sharecroppers to the lawyers. The real relief for them would be to make them free from fear. Ans. Why did Gandhi tell the court that he was involved in a ‘conflict of duties’? Thus, self-reliance, Indian Independence and help to sharecroppers were all tied together. When Gandhiji arrived in the court in response to the summons he was served, the town of Motihari was filled with large crowds. Gandhiji instilled the farmers with the courage to speak for their right. 32. Hence he considered the Champaran episode as a turning point in his life. Why is Rajkumar Shukla described as being ‘resolute’? So they told Gandhi that they were ready to follow him into jail. Gandhi asked the lawyers what they would do if he was sentenced to prison. How did the episode change the plight of the peasants? He had appointments in Cawnpore and in other parts of India. In 1916, during the annual meet of Indian National Congress at Lucknow, Gandhiji met a poor fanner from Champaran, who told him about the plight of the sharecroppers at Champaran and requested him to visit his state. He was firm and broke the deadlock. Feels he should arm them with the tool of courage, fearlessness. Forests increase the quality of environment. Working of Institutions Class 9 Extra Questions Social Science Civics Chapter 5 Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science Civics Chapter 5 Working of Institutions Working of Institutions Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions Question 1. What made the British realise that Indians could challenge their might? The famous Dandi March is an example of his law-breaking action. Governor for the justice of the indigo sharecroppers. He returned to his Ashram near Ahmedabad. Extra Practice 5.6 Name FACTORING COMPLETELY Write each expression below as a product of two or three factors in the number of ways given. CBSE Class 8 Geography Industries Extra Questions. He also worked on social issues like arrangements for education, health and hygiene for the families of the poor peasants. Thousands of people demonstrated around the courtroom. This clearly shows that Shukla was resolute. In order to get complete information about the condition of peasants at Champaran, Gandhiji decided to go to Muzzafarpur. Moreover, When Gandhiji was to appear in the court after he was served a summons, peasants in large numbers filled the streets of Motihari. Due to continuous efforts of Gandhiji, a committee was formed and 25% money was refunded to the farmers. ANNIE : Non. Extra Practice Questions. Ans. Why did Gandhi protest against the delay in the trial? It was only due to RajkumarShukla’s persistent efforts and requests that Gandhiji consented to visit Champaran. Chapter â 5 Popular Struggles and Movements. Governor, (a) an invitation (b) an official notice, (c) summon to appear in court (d) an arrest warrant, (a) demonstrated his power (b) was firm and resolute, (c) he said that he would disobey the order, (c) Gandhi’s presence (d) the prevailing laws, (a) 30 (b) 60, (c) 90 (d) 120, (a) had been dropped (b) had been postponed, (c) was a weak one (d) would be heard immediately, (a) peasants (b) lawyers, (c) Shukla (d) J.B. Kriplani, (a) about a hundred (c) about ten thousand, (b) about a thousand (d) about hundred thousand, (a) Sir Edward Gait (b) Sir Henry Gait, (c) Sir Richard Andrews (d) Sir Freer Andrews, (a) four times (b) six times, (c) eight times (d) ten times, (a) repayment in full (b) double the amount, (c) fifty percent of the amount (d) no payment, just an apology, (a) the Lt. The arable areas of Champaran were divided into large estates owned by British landlords. SACHA: Allez! We'll discuss GPU layout/terminology â¦ There was no respite for the farmers under the unjust system. We have to understand the fact that being a secular country we have to respect each other. Ans. The famous Dandi March is an example of his law-breaking action. The Indigo share-croppers were exploited at the cruel hands of the British planters. Q1. Where was the first cotton mill set up in India? Ans. Episode 4: Sam busca un trabajo (Sam Finds a Job) Description: The 4th episode of Extra, Lola needs promotion to earn more money, so approaches her boss (The Octopus) about it. Q22. This brought this first triumph of civil disobedience. He was well informed about the minute details of the ashram. But Gandhi received a written communication that the Lieutenant Governor had dropped the case. South – Windward slopes of the Western Ghats. Check CBSE Class 10 Maths Extra Questions and Answers for Chapter 5 - Arithmetic Progression: Q. When he refused, he was summoned to appear before the court. But the magistrate announced that he would pronounce sentence after a recess and asked Gandhi to furnish a bail but Gandhi refused. 7. Ans:- The shop was in a small by street in a fashionable part of London. 4. So they told Gandhi that they were ready to follow him into jail. The British compelled them through a long-term agreement to plant indigo on 15 per cent of their land and surrender the entire harvest as rent. Thus the title ‘Indigo’ is highly suggestive and appropriate. They thought Gandhiji to be a peasant. For Gandhi, the amount of the refund was less important than the fact that the landlords had been forced to return part of the money and with it, part of their prestige. Rajkumar Shukla persuaded Gandhi to take up the case of the Indigo sharecroppers. The Lieutenant Governor had to drop the case against Gandhiji after realising the support of the masses that he had. His refusal to keep his friend Andrews at Champaran to help him emphasized the importance of self-reliance for him. Gandhi vehemently opposed the suggestion and asked them to face the crisis independently. He faced the officials with boldness and with conviction. Gandhi’s lawyer friends asked Andrews to stay on and support them. These Questions Answers of General Knowledge (GK) is for class 5th Students and we hope these GK Questions will be improve all â¦ It was around 1917, the Germans started developing synthetic Indigo and this mitigated the requirement of Indigo for British planters. The peasants gathered in thousands around the courthouse. When Gandhiji reached Champaran, he came to know that the arable areas of Champaran were divided into large estates owned by British landlords. General Knowledge For Class 5. Gandhiji’s work at Champaran wasn’t just confined to political or economic struggle. Ans. While going to investigate the maltreatment of a peasant in a village near Motihari, Gandhi was ordered to return midway and was served a summons to report to the court the following morning. The entire town of Motihari was flooded with thousands of peasants protesting Gandhi’s arrest. The events of this part of the text illustrate Gandhi’s method of working. They all gathered in large numbers to show their support to their saviour. Where were most of the large scale industries located in 1911? Important Long/ Detailed Answer Type Questions- to be answered in about 100 -150 words each Value based questions-. Primary schools were opened in six villages. It was only due to RajkumarShukla’s persistent efforts and requests that Gandhiji consented to visit Champaran. Then he was in Cawnpore and other parts of India. This brought this first triumph of civil disobedience. Ans.When Gandhi received a summons to appear in the court, within a night multitudes of peasants gathered in Motihari. When Gandhi was asked to appear in the court in Motihari, thousands of peasants held a demonstration around the court. Long Answer Type Questions (6 Marks, 120-150 Words) Question.1. The leadership is shown by Mahatma Gandhi to secure justice for oppressed people through convincing argumentation and negotiation. So they all approached Gandhiji and said that they would accompany hits to jail. The chapter ‘Indigo’ emphasizes the fact that effective leadership can solve any kinds of problems without any harm to anybody. Shukla followed Gandhi to Cawnpore Later at Calcutta. 35. Governor himself. Ans. Follow me if you want to keep updated about my new additions and make sure you rate and comment: The Spanish flavor Store. Ans. The peasants used to pay indigo as rent to the British landlords. SACHA : Est-ce que Sam dort encore? But with the invention of the synthetic indigo, landlords had obtained agreements from the sharecroppers to pay them compensation for being released from 15% agreement and cheated them. This was the beginning of the peasant liberation from fear of the British. He told the court that finally, he had decided to listen to the voice of his conscience and help the poor peasants of Champaran. The secretary of the British Landlords Association refused to impart any information. Then Gandhi sent a telegram to Rajendra Prasad to come along with his influential friends. The landlords no longer needed indigo and very cleverly wished to give up this arrangement for compensation. Gandhi signed the receipt and wrote on it that would disobey the order.
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